IRHS - Institutional Racism in Health and Science


In the final phase you will use your now detailed understanding of the text to produce a narrative exposition and interpretation. The purpose of this synthesis is to contextualize the ideas and claims of the text through the lens of equity, equality, and diversity. The synthesis should take the form of a short essay framed by a “framing question” about the text, complete with argumentation and citation of evidence to support your interpretation. Below are four example of framing questions you may consider using:

You may modify these questions as you see fit, or pose your own framing question as you see fit.

Your synthesis should begin by stating the question you will address, followed by a well structured essay describing any needed background information, a description of your position, and references to other sources that support that position. You may find the following guidelines for how to structure your essay helpful.

Phase 3 Reflections
Step 0: State the framing question your synthesis will treat
Step 1: (what) Introduce the reader with a summary of the reading and a sentence (thesis) that sums up the central point of your essay
Step 2: (what) Identify and explain (with citations) the theories or core concepts that are required to understand your position
Step 3: (how) Elaborate and substantiate your response to the framing question with arguments supported by citations to outside sources.
Step 4: (why) Interpretation: What do you think now that you have read this text? Were you persuaded by this reading? Did you change your mind as a result of reading this text? How difficult did you find it to identify appropriate sources to form your position?